Resolving Human Rights Violation Cases in Aceh, Indonesia: Position and Role of Ulama
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Keywords

Ulama
Kedudukan dan Peran Ulama
Penyelesaian Kasus Pelanggaran Hak Asasi Manusia
Komisi Kebenaran dan Rekonsiliasi Aceh Ulama
Violation
Case Resolution
Human Rights
Aceh Reconciliation

How to Cite

Matondang, I., Afrinal, A., Khalida, A. ., Fatia, A. ., & Amin, S. . (2024). Resolving Human Rights Violation Cases in Aceh, Indonesia: Position and Role of Ulama: Position and Role of Ulama. Al-Risalah: Forum Kajian Hukum Dan Sosial Kemasyarakatan, 24(1), 42–57. https://doi.org/10.30631/alrisalah.v24i1.1539

Abstract

This study aimed to examine the position and role of Ulama in resolving human
rights violation cases by the Aceh Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC). It analyzed
the ulama representations within the Aceh TRC commissioners, their role in reconciliation,
and factors that influence the role of the ulama. Data were obtained through interviews and
documentation and analyzed using the Miles and Huberman model. The results showed that
the ulama’s role was dismissed in cases of human rights violations. TRC's commissioners
did not represent Ulama or play a significant role in the reconciliation process. Their
diminished role in conflict resolution relates to delegitimization in Aceh. It occurred due to
the scarcity of qualified ulama to solve the conflict and friction or polarization among them.
Other causes were the ulama’s lack of attention to human rights issues and the emergence of
new actors that took over their conflict resolution roles. Ulama in Aceh could reaffirm its
role in conflict resolution by restoring its legitimacy. They must improve their quality and
formation based on day ah, strengthen their unity, avoid friction and polarization, and
maintain neutrality. Ulama should also increase their involvement in conflict resolution and
human rights issues.

https://doi.org/10.30631/alrisalah.v24i1.1539
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Interview List:

Abdullah, Irwan, Sociologist-Anthropologist Aceh, Interview On 29 June 2022

Bustami, Kkr Aceh Commissioner, Interview On 21 March 2022

Imelva, Oni, Kkr Aceh Deputy Chairman, Interview On 21 March 2022

Meidelina, Sharli, Kkr Aceh Commissioner, Interview On 21 March 2022.

Muhibbuththabary, Deputy Chairman Of Mpu Aceh, Interview On 2 July 2022.

Rijal, Syamsul, Muslim Scholar, Interview On 29 June 2022

Saifullah, Muslim Scholar, Interview On 29 June 2022

Tasrizal, Kkr Aceh Commissioner, Interview On 21 March 2022.

Yuliati, Kkr Aceh Commissioner, Interview On 21 March 2022.

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Copyright (c) 2024 Ikhwan, Afrinal, Azhariah Khalida, Saifuddin Amin, Azhariah Fatia,

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