Application of Artificial Intelligence in Motivating Court Decisions: Legal Basis and Foreign Experience


Court Decision
Artificial Intelligence

How to Cite

Leheza, Y., Yankovyi , M. ., Medvedenko, N. ., Vaida, T. ., & Koval, M. . (2024). Application of Artificial Intelligence in Motivating Court Decisions: Legal Basis and Foreign Experience. Al-Risalah: Forum Kajian Hukum Dan Sosial Kemasyarakatan, 24(1), 58–69.


The article is devoted to the study of opportunities and challenges of using artificial intelligence in motivating court decisions.  An important aspect of this process consists of the application of special knowledge by judges in the context of analyzing evidence and legal evaluation of this evidence. The use of artificial intelligence in this area can become a significant innovation that can improve the quality of court decisions and ensure objectivity in the sphere of justice. Artificial intelligence technologies are rapidly developing, and their potential application in the sphere of judiciary has become a subject of deep interest both among the scientific community and among representatives of legal professions. According to the research results, it has been established that the application of artificial intelligence during the motivation of court decisions is possible provided the development and implementation of effective legal mechanisms that will allow coordination and regulation of the specified process. Also, the procedure of implementing relevant changes in the justice system of Ukraine should take place with the use of a balanced and scientifically based approach, which allows for weighing potential risks and benefits and developing recommendations for the proper practical and ethical use of artificial intelligence technologies.


Aamir Khan, AI-powered Indian judiciary: A step forward or cause for concern?, Bar and Bench. (Blog Post, 6 June 2023). Available at:

Abdulla Rasheed, Abu Dhabi criminal cases now followed up by artificial intelligence, Gulf News. (online, 8 August 2022). Available at:

Abdillah, Masykuri. "Sharia and Politics in the Context of Globalization and Society 5.0." Ahkam: Jurnal Ilmu Syariah 22.2 (2022).

Anam, Wahidul, and Mubaidi Sulaeman. "Law, Ethics, and Hadith Ahkam: An Analysis of Fatwa MUI in the Perspective of Progressive Interpretation." Samarah: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga dan Hukum Islam 8.2 (2024): 1023-1053.

Aibak, Kutbuddin. "Implementation of Maqāṣid Sharī’ah in Reform of Case Management of Violence against Women and Children." De Jure: Jurnal Hukum dan Syar'iah 15.1 (2023): 82-98.

Ali, Zezen Zainul. "The Urgency of Patriotism in Maintaining the Unity in the Republic of Indonesia in the Perspective of Maslahah." Historia 1.1 (2017): 13.

Bahruddin, Ahmad. "Implementasi maqasid al-shari’ah sebagai solusi problematika sosial dan kemasyarakatan kontemporer." Ijtihad: Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam dan Kemanusiaan 17.1 (2017): 1-18.

Bazarov, S. The use of artificial intelligence in the judiciary: theory and practice. Jurisprudence. (2022).

Brennan-Marquez K. and Henderson S., Artificial Intelligence and Role-Reversible Judgment. (2018). Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 109.

Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine. (2013). Information of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Available at:

Dymko, Iegor, Arsen Muradian, Yevgeny Leheza, Andrii Manzhula, and Oleksandr Rudkovskyi. ‘Integrated Approach to the Development of the Effectiveness Function of Quality Control of Metal Products’. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies 6, no. 3 (90) (2017): 26–34.

Eduardo Villa Coimbra Campos, Artificial Intelligence, the Brazilian Judiciary and Some Conundrums, SciencesPo. (Blog Post, 3 March 2023). Available at:

European ethical Charter on the use of Artificial Intelligence in judicial systems and their environment’ (Council of Europe, 3–4 December 2018). Available at:

Faisol, Muhammad. "Hukum islam dan perubahan sosial." JURIS (Jurnal Ilmiah Syariah) 18.1 (2019): 33-44.

Hallevy G., When robots kill: artificial intelligence under criminal. (2013). Northeastern University Press, 272. Available at:

Hefni, Wildani, Rizqa Ahmadi, and Imam Mustofa. "Reinventing the Human Dignity in Islamic Law Discourse: The Wasatiyah Approaches from Khaled Abou El-Fadl to the Interreligious Relation." Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam (2022): 239-254.

Joao Reis. (2019). Artificial Intelligence in Government Services: A Systematic Literature Review. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing (Special Issue from WorldCIST 2019 – 7th World Conference on Information Systems and Technologies), 1(1), 460–472.

Justice minister inaugurates Virtual Enforcement Court in Saudi Arabia, Zawya. (online, 28 March 2022). Available at:

Katie Brehm et al, The Future of AI in Brazilian Judicial System: AI Mapping, Integration, and Governance. (Report, 2020). Available at:

Korniienko, Maksym, Anatolii Desyatnik, Galina Didkivska, Yevhen Leheza, and Oleksiy Titarenkо. ‘Peculiarities of Investigating Criminal Offenses Related to Illegal Turnover of Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances, Their Analogues or Precursors: Criminal Law Aspect’. Khazanah Hukum 5, no. 3 (2023): 205–15.

Kumar, M. H. (2018). Qualitative Research Methodology in Social Sciences and Related Subjects. Journal of Economic Development, Environment and People, 7(1), 23.

Leheza, Yevhen, Larysa Yerofieienko, and Volodymyr Komashko. ‘Peculiarities of Legal Regulation of Intellectual Property Protection in Ukraine under Martial Law: Administrative and Civil Aspects’. Revista Justiça Do Direito 37, no. 3 (2023): 157–72.

Leheza, Yevhen, Tatiana Filipenko, Olha Sokolenko, Valerii Darahan, and Oleksii Kucherenko. ‘Ensuring Human Rights in Ukraine: Problematic Issues and Ways of Their Solution in the Social and Legal Sphere’. Cuestiones Políticas 37, no. 64 (2020): 124–36.

Leheza, Yevhen, Volodymyr Shablystyi, Irina V. Aristova, Ivan O. Kravchenko, and Tatiana Korniakova. ‘Foreign Experience in Legal Regulation of Combating Crime in the Sphere of Trafficking of Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances, Their Analogues and Precursors: Administrative and Criminal Aspect’. Journal of Drug and Alcohol Research 12, no. 4 (2023).

Leheza, Yevhen. Pisotska, Karina. Dubenko, Oleksandr. Dakhno, Oleksandr. Sotskyi, Artur. 2022. the essence of the principles of ukrainian law in modern jurisprudence. Revista jurídica portucalense, december, 342-363. doi:

Leheza, Yevhen. Shablystyi, Volodymyr. Aristova, Irina V. Kravchenko, Ivan O. Korniakova, Tatiana. 2023. Foreign Experience in Legal Regulation of Combating Crime in the Sphere of Trafficking of Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances, their Analogues and Precursors: Administrative and Criminal Aspect. Journal of Drug and Alcohol Research. 12, 4, 1-8.

Leonenko, Tetiana Ye., Maksym I. Leonenko, Olha Yu. Shyian, Vasyl M. Yurchyshyn, and Oleh O. Shkuta. ‘“Pathological” Religiosity Phenomenon as Manifestation of Individual’s Deviant Behavior: Religious Hatred or Discord Motive in Commission of Crimes in the Religious Denomination Sphere’. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics 10, no. 1 (2019): 295–306.

Mumtazinur, Mumtazinur, and Yenny Sri Wahyuni. "Keamanan Individu (Personal Security) dan Qanun Hukum Keluarga: Tinjauan Konsep Keamanan Manusia (Human Security)." El-Usrah: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga 4.1 (2021): 76-89.

Prakasa, S. U. W., S. Al-Fatih, and A. R. A. Haqqi. "Terrorism Eradication in ASEAN Countries: Human Rights Perspective. AL-IHKAM: Jurnal Hukum & Pranata Sosial, 16 (2), 327–361." (2021).

Samiksha Mehra, AI is set to reform justice delivery in India, INDIAai. (Blog Post, 6 April 2021). Available at:

Sartor G., Branting K., Judicial Applications of Artificial Intelligence. (1998). Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 222. Available at:

Shkuta, Oleh, Dmytro Karbovskyi, Olena Pushkina, Mykola Potip, and Olena Varhuliak. ‘Object and Subject of State Control in the Sphere of Legal Turnover of Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Their Precursors in Ukraine: Administrative, Criminal and Civil-Legal Aspect’. Journal of Drug and Alcohol Research 12 (2023).

Umami, Ulul, and Abdul Ghofur. "Human Rights in Maqāṣid al-Sharī’ah al-Āmmah: A Perspective of Ibn ‘Āshūr." Al-Ahkam 32.1 (2022): 87-108.

Volobuieva, Olena, Yevhen Leheza, Vita Pervii, Yevhenii Plokhuta, and Roman Pichko. ‘Criminal and Administrative Legal Characteristics of Offenses in the Field of Countering Drug Trafficking: Insights from Ukraine’. Yustisia Jurnal Hukum 12, no. 3 (2023): 262–77.

Voloshanivska, Tetiana, Inna Pozihun, Serhii Losych, Olha Merdova and Yevhen Leheza. ‘Administrative and Criminal Law Aspects of Preventing Offenses Committed by Minors in the Sphere of Illegal Circulation of Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Precursors’. Journal of Drug and Alcohol Research, 12(10) (2023).

Zaporozhchenko, Yuliia, et al. "Foreign Experience of Ensuring Human Rights during Recruitment of the Armed Forces as an Element of the State’s National Security." Syariah: Jurnal Hukum dan Pemikiran 24.1 (2024): 88-101.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2024 Yevhen Leheza, Mykola Yankovyi, Nadiia Medvedenko, Taras Vaida, Marat Koval


Download data is not yet available.